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Saturday, January 29, 2011

New Spectrum Policy Good For Old Operators

Tata Teleservices on Saturday said that all operators, including new and old ones, should be given 6.2 Mhz spectrum, and over and above that they should be charged as per the market price. "In line with what we have been stating during the consultation process held by Trai in the first half of 2010, we would re-emphasize that all operators be given 6.2 Mhz spectrum in a manner that those waiting for start-up spectrum are first allocated the same," TTSL said in a statement.
TTSL's statement comes in the wake of telecom minister Kapil Sibal's decision to delink spectrum from the licence and reduce the contract limit of spectrum to 4.4 Mhz for new operators. For the old operators the limit has been retained at 6.2 Mhz.
Sibal said that henceforth all spectrum, initial as well as additional, would be given at market driven price.
"...Those who have excess spectrum are charged for the same, preferably retrospectively, to bring all operators to a level-playing-field," TTSL said.
It added that consequent to bringing the level-playing-field, the spectrum beyond 6.2 and up to the limits specified by Trai in May 2010 could be charged by DoT in line with Trai's recommendations.
Besides Tatas, one more operator, who did not wish to be identified, also opposed the move to limit the contracted spectrum to 4.4 Mhz saying the new regime would give huge advantage to old operators, who have millions of subscribers in their kitty.
This (new regime) would make new operators' operations financially unviable.
Most of the other new operators declined to comment on the new policy.
"Having waited for three years since others received their spectrum, it is urged that the government quickly allocates the spectrum to those who have been waiting since long," TTSL asserted.source

How 3G will be of use to common man

You can understand 3g or be confused by it but the fact remains that you just cannot ignore it. The layman's world has grown too fast. Every day technical jargon keeps getting dumped into our routine lives and we are not sure if we really have gotten the hang of it all. Yet, the progress is palpable. It is there all around us and we embrace it and move on, sometimes with almost zero comprehension. we have been hearing the words 2G, 3G and even 4G, now that we all know about iPhones. So what are these Gs? What do they stand for and what exactly do they do? How does it reach the layman and of what use is it? Well, dear reader, that is exactly what this post will try to lend clarity on.
So for the most elementary question, What do the Gs stand for? Well, G means Generation. The world of telecom administrators have named the connections available as First, Second and Third Generations. An obvious illation here would be that each progressing generation is better equipped to connect the world than the previous one. Now when the mobile phones first came into existence 1G networks were used to transmit these signals. The signals used in 1G were analog. Meaning they were prone to many distortions, interference, cross calls im-practical in a few areas and lots of losses. This also meant the handsets had to bigger in size to facilitate proper usage. Then came 2G, where in the major difference/*improvement from 1G was, these signals were digital. The transmitted messages were coded digitally and this eventually improved all the disadvantages of the 1G connection.

Presently we are in the midst of a revolution(Late in India). The 3G standards have come into the nation and along it brings a fresh crisp and faster life. 3G technology enables faster internet access speed, owing to the fact that the channel available for internet access is larger than the one available in 2G. In 3G one can expect speed close to around 200 Kbit/s and more. Refer the Wiki page : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3G. Now the 2G networks suffered due to lack of bandwidth and so it couldn't offer many services. But now that the 3G is here it offers,, by virtue of its bandwidth availability a host of mouth watering features like :
  • Mobile TV – a provider redirects a TV channel directly to the subscriber's phone where it can be watched.
  • Video on demand – a provider sends a movie to the subscriber's phone.
  • Video conferencing – subscribers can see as well as talk to each other.
  • Tele-medicine – a medical provider monitors or provides advice to the potentially isolated subscriber.
  • Location-based services – a provider sends localized weather or traffic conditions to the phone, or the phone allows the subscriber to find nearby businesses or friends.
  • So keeping away all technical terms and speaking strictly as a normal common man, 3G stands for the following :
    1. Faster speed for internet 2. More features like TV and media streaming 3. Video calling facility (needs more bandwidth hence not available in 2G ) 4. More security over 2G 5. Truly, the power of the world will come into the palm of our hands... So long then dear readers, hope this post did, if not completely at least partly, shed some clarity on the happening 3G phenomenon. Cheers source

Free Wi-Fi more attractive than 3G

Expanding the use of free Wi-Fi areas will be more attractive to mobile internet users than 3G connections, according to one expert.

Internet comparison service Broadband.co.uk has claimed that O2's recently-announced decisions to launch a public Wi-Fi channel is an attempt to get people 'off mobile broadband'.

Edd Dawson, managing director of broadband.co.uk, commented: 'Potentially they're trying to get people off mobile broadband and onto a Wi-Fi connection – that could be one of the reasons that they're doing it for free.

'It's going to be good for people the more Wi-Fi spots there are available, especially on phones – it's much more desirable than using 3G.'

However, the expert added that while an increase in free Wi-Fi hotspots is welcome, fixed broadband services will not be largely affected.

Mr Dawson said internet users will still utilise fixed services while at home in order to 'benefit from having the bandwidth to themselves'. source

Catch Live Streaming of World Cup via Vodafone 3G

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It's time for a cricket carnival in India, and telecom players are batting with their latest weapon, 3G, hoping that the World Cup will be a money spinner for them.

While a number of players have bid for the rights to stream the ICC World Cup live on 3G, a first in India, NDTV has learnt that Vodafone has pipped ICC World Cup’s on ground sponsor- Reliance Communications and have won the exclusive rights for live streaming of all the 49 World Cup matches this year for a sum of Rs. 55 crore.

"India is a cricket crazy nation.. We do expect an increase in the VAS services, increase in traffic, packages, and subscribers around the World Cup," said Anuradha Aggarwal, VP- brand communications of Vodafone.

So while Vodafone walks away with the exclusive right to stream matches live, telecom players like Airtel and Reliance are planning to sell value added services around the World Cup and are expecting a spurt in the ARPUs as customers migrate to 3G.

Analysts believe that there may be a cricket overkill with multiplexes, internet and now telecom companies streaming cricket content. But with MNP in play now, telcos clearly want to go the whole hog to entice customers.

"At a time when MNP is round the corner offering such services will have  a positive rub off," said Bhavesh Gandhi, an analyst, India Infoline.

With telecom players having invested so heavily in 3G, it remains to be seen how it will spin off with events like World Cup lined up. But for consumers like you and me who want to catch the matches on the go real time, it is surely good news, but may not come cheap and surely at a premium apart from the costs of subscribing to 3G services.source

Tariff Wars - Airtel vs BSNL vs Tata Docomo 3G Tariffs Comparison

We decided to compare the 3G Tariffs from Airtel , BSNL and Tata Docomo in the Bangalore,  Karnataka Circle. This circle was chosen because it is the only circle maximum Operators are offering 3G as of today.
Reliance was not included because it has launched 3G in this circle.This comparison only takes into account the Prepaid tariffs and our main focus is on the Data Usage charges. We have included Video Calling charges too. We have omitted the basic cost such as the SIM procurement charges.
While we have paid lot of attention to the numbers in this comparison , feel free to let us know in case you find any mistake. Click to catch more on this topic

From reactive to proactive management of data services

Operators increasingly want to predict the future, manage the present, and learn from history, but what are the limits of today's traditional "assurance" and "monitoring" solutions and how do future solutions complement what operators already have?
Connected Planet spoke with Vesa Haimi, CEO and Founder of Iptune, which specializes in software solutions designed to manage value-added and mobile broadband services in IP-data networks. The company will have a booth at Mobile World Congress (Hall 1 Booth 1E19).

Connected Planet: What should operators look for in terms of data analysis, assurance and monitoring solutions?
Vesa Haimi: The goal for most organizations is to improve ARPU, which corresponds to how much performance and value is squeezed from each piece of vendor’s equipment in an operator’s network. To squeeze out optimal performance in multi-vendor environments, operators need vendor-agnostic monitoring tools and software that help to resolve the “finger pointing” so common in today’s complex environments.
Rather than be forced to buy into costly optimization services for each vendor’s equipment, operators should have objective views of every node involved in service delivery so they are not reliant on equipment vendors for accurate SLA management, license thresholds and capacity management decisions. Only with neutral, independent analysis can operators comprehend what network equipment met SLAs during the delivery of services.
In addition to objectivity, solutions should be proactive and flexible in nature. Operators feel the pressure to tackle data growth, introduce new bundles and charging plans, tweak policy control rules, and conduct content caching for effective shaping of traffic and service experiences. To accomplish all of that, operators have to move from reactive to proactive mindsets so they can understand the quality of service (QoS) and quality of experience (QoE) associated with their customers and the consumed services.
This type of proactive mindset requires flexibility in examining changing “use cases.” For example, if there is a noted performance degradation in traffic, operators should be able to see which end-user services have been impacted; which users suffered when accessing key services; which vendor resources were involved in the problem; and approximately how much revenue was lost.
In that vein, solutions should combine not only monitoring and assurance capabilities, but also business intelligence. Only with that combination can all facets of an organization—from management to technical—transform from reactive to proactive management of data services.
Connected Planet: With all the hype around data analysis, what should solutions really reveal?
Vesa Haimi: There are multiple inter-related “quadrants” operators should be able to understand with their solutions. If you think of the Rubik’s Cube®, there are different dimensions that can be manipulated and mixed as a person turns each side of the cube.
A sophisticated data analysis solution today should open visibility in the same manner. One quadrant revolves around three “pillars” of core importance—customer, service and vendor equipment. In each of those pillars, operators should have visibility into the past, present and future “states” as well as visibility into the services themselves (whether streaming video, MMS, Web browsing or others). Throughout the lifecycle of a service, they should be able to see which customers were using certain services, and on what equipment were those service reliant, as well as what was the experiences were at different times of the day.
For instance, one of our clients was surprised when we discovered that 10% of their customers used more than 25% of their capacity. They were also shocked at how much traffic Facebook was generating, and the significant differences in terminal success rates and consumption patterns that we found. Information like this provided the operator the ability to create better-targeted packages, as well as avoid poor response times at terminals under pressure from heavy users.
Also, by linking per-user data volumes to the time of day and specific equipment’s performance, we demonstrated to the customer the actual delivered capacity (as compared to the ‘claimed’ or ‘guaranteed’ performance).
Though history doesn’t repeat itself in an a precise manner, it does reveal patterns valuable to predicting future outcomes; therefore, a solution should take previous cases into account and reviewing them from different angles, operators can take actions that enable them to maximize and grow ARPU through smarter investments, which can be based on real insight.
Connected Planet: What’s the problem you see with traditional assurance and monitoring solutions?
Vesa Haimi: They tend to be bitpipe or equipment monitoring solutions that focus on data packets, technical KPIs and data derived from “log files” and Event Data Records. Much of the information is descended from application code written by IT people that in many instances no longer work for the organization.
As a result, operators sometimes spend days or even weeks having to do manual interventions, such as physical examinations of machines in efforts to collect data pertinent to whatever issues they want to resolve. After all of that, they are still be unable to solve the issues in many cases.
In other words, operators will continue to struggle to get some semblance of useful “knowledge” because these solutions lack correlated end-to-end visibility (including all transactions concerning a session).
It’s crucial that operators understand that an end-user service consists of several so-called supporting services, such as DNS, online charging, and so on, as each impacts the overall performance and QoS.
For instance, we found that with one of our customers, their success rate with browsing sessions dropped below 40% during busy hours, which had gone unnoticed because a license limitation in the browsing gateway limited the amount of concurrent sessions, and thus mitigated the experience and subsequent revenues associated with those sessions.
The operator’s existing solutions were unable to reveal the “hidden problem” since the overall performance appeared to be good and each network element appeared to be acting normally.
The bottom line is that operators seeking to understand customer experience and service quality have to be able to monitor transactions beyond the so-called data network entry point (Gi/Gn interface). Then, performance problems can be measured for each supporting service, as well as ensuing revenue leakages issues.
Connected Planet: Where is Iptune’s focus different?
Vesa Haimi: Where most solutions focus on access and core service, we focus on VAS/data services providing answers to day-to-day questions in the changing telecom IP environment about customers, services and vendors.
We say “your 20% is our 100%” because we focus on the 20% (industry average) that value-added services (VAS) represent of their overall service portfolios. And, though many companies may contend to offer end-to-end, correlated visibility of services, we do so in a manner independent of the vendors and equipment supporting those VAS services. We call this Quality-of-Vendor (QoV) performance evaluation, as we believe solutions today have to objectively provide information for overall vendor performance measurements. That is very different than “traditional” solutions, which see only entry points. Operators need to seek end-to-end service correlation for a unified view of services and “supporting-services.”
Additionally, a solution should add value to what the operators already has—whether business performance, service analysis, service security, or business forecasting. So we make sure our solution draws information from major information sources and then feeds that information to other OSSs. We want our customers to understand the connection between traffic data, revenue, and bottlenecks, as well as potential bottlenecks.source

Study reveals MNP not to impact telecom operators

The MNP services, via which the customer can retain the number even after changing its service provider, was expected to shake up the telephony market, but now industry leaders are recognising that this may not happen, says a study. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh launched the nation-wide mobile number portability (MNP) services on January 20.
The service was first launched in Haryana in November last year.
“With 0.75 percent of mobile subscribers in Haryana having made use of the porting service in the three months since its introduction, it is still unclear how “well” the service will do across India following its pan-India launch,” the Sri-Lanka based research firm LIRNEasia said in a study.
Idea Cellular launched a major advertising campaign for the “impending” service, has indicated lower expectations on the impact of MNP.
These statements may be a consequence of the reported porting rate from Haryana, the first state in the country where MNP was launched.
In fact, nothing can be concluded from the first few days of the launch, considering the trajectory of porting rates over time in other countries that have introduced the service.
As speculation rises on how the Indian marketplace will receive the service, it will be interesting to note the post paid and prepaid porting rates, says study.
All that a customer needs to do for changing his/her telecom operator is pay a maximum of  19.
He/she will get a new service provider within seven working days as per the guidelines of regulator Telecom Regulatory Authority of India.
However, a consumer will have to remain with one operator for a minimum period of three months in order to avail the MNP service.
Earlier, in another study on the MNP LIRNasia had said that MNP will have limited value to the vast numbers of those on prepaid plans and who have little number loyalty.
Given the phenomenon of multiple SIM ownership that prevails in the country and rock-bottom call rates, there is likely to be little incentive or motivation for a majority of mobile subscribers to consider using MNP.
However, the service will benefit over 700 million subscribers, both in GSM and CDMA categories in the country.
The new policy would force the operators to shift focus from acquiring new subscribers to retaining the existing ones.
With monthly addition of 15 million subscribers, India has achieved a teledensity of 65 percent.
The Indian telecom sector, which is the fastest growing in the world with the lowest tariffs, has grown from 33 million in March 2004 to about 750 million now.
Both pre-paid and post-paid consumers can use MNP.

Flytxt launches QREDA

Is India ready for e-commerce?

Is India ready for e-commerce? It is a well-known fact that most retail activity in the country still happens through small family-owned neighbourhood stores, which have so far been able to face competition from the organised retail sector. Unlike other countries, where the retail sector has been around for a very long time, in India, it is a nascent proposition. In such a scenario, can retail players really find a foothold online, or is e-commerce to be relegated to just a few services, like travel?
Raghavendra Madhav, Executive Director, Astro Group, whose organisation has invested in Aircel, Red FM and Sun DTH, to name a few companies, felt that this wasn’t necessarily the case. He said. “The issues facing us are lack of trust in the seller, that the product that a customer gets will not be what he asked for, fear of credit card payment, and the ‘touch’ issue, of wanting to see and feel a product before spending our money on it. But these problems are steadily being resolved. Other issues include those about back-end and supply chains, and attitude change. At the end of the day, the reason why a lot of companies are not online is because companies are run by people and the people running companies are not comfortable with the technology. As that changes, the adoption rates will increase.”
The emergence of a number of successful categories, like fashion and group buying, have also shown that there is a market for online transactions, and adding value propositions will lead to more users. Madhav cited the example of the mobile space, where until an year ago, VAS was considered secondary to rolling out more coverage, more stores, and picking up more subscribers. He said, “For Aircel, the proposition right from the beginning was that the mobile is for everyone, the Internet is for everyone. Even the guy who just wants to pay for a ten rupee pre-paid card to access it for just one day. Outside of Delhi and Mumbai, in small towns and semi-rural areas, that’s where India is and those are the people one has to reach. Mobile is going to be one of the key drivers there.”
Kedar Gavane, Director, comScore India, sees a growth in digital retail as well, and points to how in the last 12 months retail sites have seen a 39 per cent increase in traffic. He said, “The top categories for online sales were for software, movies, and now increasingly, electronic goods.” Gadgets are quickly becoming very popular items to buy online, perhaps because one is buying the brand, it is standardised, so if you know the model number, you know exactly what you’re getting. As a part of the overall online audience, Gavane said, “In the US, 85 per cent of the audience visits online retail. In India, the number is around 55 per cent, but this has been rising. Around 70 per cent is male and 30 per cent female, but retail has a broad appeal through the age demographics, unlike, say banking or social media, which are skewed towards younger users.”
While retail is on the rise, Gavane does caution that for marketers online, it is important to look beyond the clicks. He said, “The Internet is very measurable, but are we measuring the right things? Every other medium receives ads based on reach and frequency. It’s time that the Internet also started doing this, on an engagement model instead of performance. The fact is that the Internet is often seen as a low cost path, this has already happened with ad rates, and one worry is that retailers are bringing people online through discounts, but if that is the only feature that is stressed, then that could also become a bottleneck to eventual growth.”
Paresh Rajde, Founder, MD and CEO of Suvidhaa, is of the opinion that online service is far closer to maturity that physical retail. He said, “Our business runs a series of franchises, where a person can come with cash to our retail point and perform the online transaction. Our partners are varied, from Fun Cinemas to IRCTC, but in all these cases, it works in the Indian scenario because with the franchisee, we promise customer-friendly service, which allows them to transact in cash, and as soon as they’re done, they get what they paid for. With goods, it becomes more complicated – people would have to wait for delivery and might not be satisfied with the product, but with services, like bill payment for example, it’s a simple, well-understood premise.”
While the issues are at hand, the fact is that as adoption rises, which could get a boost with the coming 3G wave, mobile commerce will in particular be at the forefront of developments in retail, whether offline or online, and the real growth opportunities lie with the big brands, which do not have to overcome issues of trust or standardisation and already have many resources in place to help cover the logistics of such an operation. Whether this will actually happen remains to be seen, but more and more players are now entering into the space, so that instead of solely digital operators, we are seeing a market where digital and offline will complement each other, not compete. source

Enhanced Missed Call Alerts Service in Reliance

Reliance Communications, India’s largest and only telecom service provider to offer nationwide GSM, CDMA and 3G services launched MCA 2.0 with Notify Me, its new missed call notification service with enhanced features.

Reliance Customers will receive missed call alert as at present – which tells a subscriber if they have missed a call due to their phone being either out of coverage area, battery exhaustion, phone is busy or switched off. In addition, 'Notify Me' alerts the callers, whose attempt to ring someone have failed, that the called number is now available to receive a call from them.

Reliance Communication, Head of VAS- Anil Pande said "Missed Call Alert Service 2.0 with Notify Me is a great convenience for Mobile users. It offers both Caller and Called Party instant notification to connect again, without being bothered with repeatedly attempting to connect."

The missed call notification sms will detail the calling party’s mobile number, time & date when the call was made, whereby calling parties will receive a sms saying that the called party is available to receive calls.To subscribe to this service, Reliance customers have to type "M" and send an SMS to 51234 (toll free). Customer will be charged Rs. 15/- for 30 days for unlimited alerts.

The offer is also available through Chat and Play e-recharge in all retails outlets serving Reliance GSM, CDMA and 3G customers including the company’s retail outlets of Reliance Mobile Stores and Reliance World outlets across India.

TRAI - Boon or Bust for SMS Pull services

No doubt unsolicited calls and SMS have been a menace to Indian society for a long time. People from both sides of the table have lobbied extensively with the government to keep their side of the business running. TRAI created the National Do Not Call registry against this Unsolicited Commercial Communication (UCC), but without enforcement or awareness it just seemed like an half hearted attempt. But now with the new guidelines being laid down by the TRAI (now called NCPR) it appears that the government is indeed serious to curb this menace. Or is it?
NCPR appears to have sharper claws compared to NDNC by making the operator party to the UCC. Operator cannot get away this time by passing the blame on to the aggregator. The fines imposed on a complaint registered are quite steep to make both the operator and aggregator sit up and screen the messages being sent over their network. For Bulk SMSes, it defines two categories, Transactional and Promotional. Transactional SMS, according to their FAQ is any message sent by Financial institution, Railways, Airlines or Educational institutions to it’s registered users. Everything else is termed as Promotional.
It appears that the consumers are indeed going to be happy with this new guideline if implemented and enforced to the dot. But they will also not be able to use any of the pull services that they were used to due to this blanket ban on such communication. Google (SMS number 9 77 33 00000), Facebook (92-FACEBOOK) and our own direction services (90088 90088) rely on consumers sending a SMS, and the service replying to the requested sms. TRAI guideline does not talk about these services, and since the operators are going to term any Bulk SMS as a promotional SMS,
  • People registered in NCPR/NDNC will not be able use these services,
  • People will lose interactivity as the message now will not come from the virtual 10 digit number and
  • No one (even people not registered in NCPR/NDNC) will be able to use the service between 9PM and 9AM.
This guideline is definitely something good against the UCC, but it appears that not a lot of thought has been given while drafting it. TRAI seems unapproachable to any of our queries. It requests Tele-Marketer to register with http://www.nccptrai.gov.in after paying Rs 10,000/- and download the list of NCPR registered users for scrubbing, but the site just provides a CSV file with zero rows in it.
Is this yet another half hearted attempt by the TRAI to address Unsolicited communication? Is this going to kill the nascent industries banking on SMS pull services?
Only time will tell.

Way2Sms Will No Longer Allow Your Number As Sender

Until now, you are allowed to send SMS with your Number as Sender ID on Way2Sms. But the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) recently issued new regulations on the SMS industry in India. With these new rules, you will no longer send SMSs with your number as sender. These rules will be followed by every SMS service provider from 1st Feb 2011.
Every SMS service provider has to adhere to the new TRAI NCPR (National Consumer Preference Register (NCPR)) guidelines. Way2Sms is the one of the first and reputed free SMS service provider and they also have to follow these rules strictly and have decided that they will no longer allow any user to send SMS with their number as Sender ID.
Way2Sms doesnt allow Number as Sender thumb Way2Sms Will No Longer Allow Your Number As Sender
As part of implementing new TRAI guidelines, way2sms has worked tirelessly to further upgrade their internal processes, technology, and team to ensure 100% compliance of the new regulations. In order to adhere to TRAI guidelines way2sms is also changing its messaging policies from 1st of Feb. 2011 onwards.
New Policies
  • According to the New TRAI guidelines, No SMS provider is allowed to deliver SMSs to NDNC/NCPR listed mobile numbers. So, Starting from Feb 1st 2011 way2sms does not deliver SMSs to NDNC//NCPR Listed mobile numbers.
  • TRAI New guidelines does not allow any service provider to use Numeric mobile number as the sender. So, Starting from Feb 1st, way2sms is changing its Message structure.
So all messages sent via way2sms will be sent as " TD- XXXXX" as the  sender. No Longer you can use your mobile number as sender. Your Mobile number and a 8 letter Nick name will be inserted in your   message by default. However you can continue to enjoy 140characters  message same as before.
All free SMS service provider will have to follow these new rules otherwise TRAI has to take strict steps against service provider. So you can take advantage this month only or try to find another service provider who dares enough to stand against TRAI icon smile Way2Sms Will No Longer Allow Your Number As Sender .
Meanwhile, if you want to send free SMS without any registration, check out this post 3 ways of sending free SMS without registration.source

India’s cellular Boom Unabated, as 3G Rolls out

Large amounts of Indians are acquiring new cellular connections, which rose to 23 million in November, up from 19 million with the prior month.
About twenty % of those 2G subscribers may possibly migrate to 3G companies that take place to be becoming rolled out by crucial operators which includes dominant Bharti Airtel, mentioned Kunal Bajaj, director for indian at telecom consultancy Analysys Mason.
There have been 729.6 million cellular connections on the finish of November, in accordance with information launched through the Telecom Regulatory Authority of indian (TRAI) on Tuesday.
That amount consists of individuals who have additional than a single cellular connection, and also connections that are actually permitted to lapse by some users, in accordance with analysts.
Bharti Airtel and also the third-largest operator, Vodafone Essar, the Indian joint opportunity of Vodafone Group, every additional about 3.1 million subscribers. Reliance Communications, the second-largest operator, additional three million subscribers, even though state-owned Bharat Sanchar Nigam additional 2.99 million subscribers, in accordance with TRAI.
Most in the subscribers will proceed to 3G to consider benefit of quicker web entry speed, after which after search at other uses like video, Bajaj said. The anticipated availability of 3G-enabled handsets for below US$100 will accelerate this trend, he added.
Mobile operators will also search at 3G like a method to boost typical income every operator (ARPU), Bajaj said. ARPU continues to be dropping in 2G companies simply because of stiff competition, which has pushed lower tariffs.
To counter opposition in urban markets, some operators started out expanding in outlying markets. But in accordance with TRAI data, with the quarter ended Sept. 30, 67 % of subscriber additions have been in urban markets. The fee of development of outlying subscriptions also declined with the quarter, in comparison for the prior quarter, TRAI said.source